Diagnosis Code D39
Information for Patients
The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. Women have two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the size and shape of an almond.
The ovaries produce and store a woman's eggs. During ovulation, an ovary releases an egg. If that egg is fertilized by a sperm, a pregnancy can occur. Ovaries also make the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. When a woman goes through menopause, her ovaries stop making those hormones and releasing eggs.
Problems with the ovaries include
- Ovarian cancer
- Ovarian cysts and polycystic ovary syndrome
- Premature ovarian failure
- Ovarian torsion, a twisting of the ovary
- Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ovarian overproduction of androgens (Medical Encyclopedia)
The uterus, or womb, is the place where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The first sign of a problem with the uterus may be bleeding between periods or after sex. Causes can include hormones, thyroid problems, fibroids, polyps, cancer, infection, or pregnancy.
Treatment depends on the cause. Sometimes birth control pills treat hormonal imbalances. If a thyroid problem is the cause, treating it may also stop the bleeding. If you have cancer or hyperplasia, an overgrowth of normal cells in the uterus, you may need surgery.
With two other uterine problems, tissue that normally lines the uterus grows where it is not supposed to. In endometriosis, it grows outside the uterus. In adenomyosis, it grows in the uterus's outside walls. Pain medicine may help. Other treatments include hormones and surgery.
- Adenomyosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Asherman syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
- D and C (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Endometrial ablation (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Endometrial polyps (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Endometritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hysteroscopy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Retroversion of the uterus (Medical Encyclopedia)
Vaginal problems are some of the most common reasons women go to the doctor. They may have symptoms such as
- Abnormal bleeding
One common problem is vaginitis, an inflammation of the vagina. Other problems that affect the vagina include sexually transmitted diseases, vaginal cancer, and vulvar cancer. Treatment of vaginal problems depends on the cause.
- Bartholin cyst or abscess (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Imperforate hymen (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal cysts (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal dryness (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal itching and discharge - Adult and adolescent (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vaginal itching and discharge - child (Medical Encyclopedia)