Information for Patients
Your toenails and fingernails protect the tissues of your toes and fingers. They are made up of layers of a hardened protein called keratin, which is also in your hair and skin. The health of your nails can be a clue to your overall health. Healthy nails are usually smooth and consistent in color. Specific types of nail discoloration and changes in growth rate can be signs of lung, heart, kidney, and liver diseases, as well as diabetes and anemia. White spots and vertical ridges are harmless.
Nail problems that sometimes require treatment include
- Bacterial and fungal infections
- Ingrown nails
Keeping your nails clean, dry, and trimmed can help you avoid some problems. Do not remove the cuticle, which can cause infection.
- Aging changes in hair and nails (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Fungal nail infection (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ingrown toenail (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ingrown toenail removal - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Nail abnormalities (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Nail injuries (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Paronychia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Splinter hemorrhages (Medical Encyclopedia)
Wounds and Injuries
Also called: Traumatic injuries
An injury is damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and more. In the U.S., millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries range from minor to life-threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors or outdoors, driving a car, or walking across the street.
Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Serious and infected wounds may require first aid followed by a visit to your doctor. You should also seek attention if the wound is deep, you cannot close it yourself, you cannot stop the bleeding or get the dirt out, or it does not heal.
Other common types of injuries include
- Animal bites
- Electrical injuries
- Sprains and strains
- Bleeding (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Crush injury (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cuts and puncture wounds (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Electrical injury (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gunshot wounds -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- How wounds heal (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Laceration - sutures or staples - at home (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Lacerations - liquid bandage (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Surgical wound care (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Surgical wound infection - treatment (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Wet to dry dressing changes (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Wound care centers (Medical Encyclopedia)
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.