ICD-10-CM Code S53.40

Unspecified sprain of elbow

Version 2021 Non-Billable Code

Not Valid for Submission

S53.40 is a "header" nonspecific and non-billable code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of unspecified sprain of elbow. The code is NOT valid for the year 2021 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

ICD-10:S53.40
Short Description:Unspecified sprain of elbow
Long Description:Unspecified sprain of elbow

Consider the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity:

  • S53.401 - Unspecified sprain of right elbow
  • S53.401A - Unspecified sprain of right elbow, initial encounter
  • S53.401D - Unspecified sprain of right elbow, subsequent encounter
  • S53.401S - Unspecified sprain of right elbow, sequela
  • S53.402 - Unspecified sprain of left elbow
  • S53.402A - Unspecified sprain of left elbow, initial encounter
  • S53.402D - Unspecified sprain of left elbow, subsequent encounter
  • S53.402S - Unspecified sprain of left elbow, sequela
  • S53.409 - Unspecified sprain of unspecified elbow
  • S53.409A - Unspecified sprain of unspecified elbow, initial encounter
  • S53.409D - Unspecified sprain of unspecified elbow, subsequent encounter
  • S53.409S - Unspecified sprain of unspecified elbow, sequela

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code S53.40 are found in the index:


Code Classification

  • Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00–T98)
    • Injuries to the elbow and forearm (S50-S59)
      • Dislocation and sprain of joints and ligaments of elbow (S53)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020
  • FY 2021 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2020 through 9/30/2021

Information for Patients


Elbow Injuries and Disorders

Your elbow joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the elbow joint move. When any of these structures is hurt or diseased, you have elbow problems.

Many things can make your elbow hurt. A common cause is tendinitis, an inflammation or injury to the tendons that attach muscle to bone. Tendinitis of the elbow is a sports injury, often from playing tennis or golf. You may also get tendinitis from overuse of the elbow.

Other causes of elbow pain include sprains, strains, fractures, dislocations, bursitis and arthritis. Treatment depends on the cause.

  • Elbow pain (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Elbow replacement (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Elbow sprain -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Medial epicondylitis - golfer's elbow (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Nursemaid's elbow (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Tennis elbow (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Tennis elbow surgery (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]

Sprains and Strains

A sprain is a stretched or torn ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bones at a joint. Falling, twisting, or getting hit can all cause a sprain. Ankle and wrist sprains are common. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and being unable to move your joint. You might feel a pop or tear when the injury happens.

A strain is a stretched or torn muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that connect muscle to bone. Twisting or pulling these tissues can cause a strain. Strains can happen suddenly or develop over time. Back and hamstring muscle strains are common. Many people get strains playing sports. Symptoms include pain, muscle spasms, swelling, and trouble moving the muscle.

At first, treatment of both sprains and strains usually involves resting the injured area, icing it, wearing a bandage or device that compresses the area, and medicines. Later treatment might include exercise and physical therapy.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

  • Ankle sprain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Elbow sprain -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Foot sprain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Hamstring strain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Hip flexor strain -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Sprains (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Strains (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Tendon repair (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Wrist sprain - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]