ICD-10-CM Code S04.019A

Injury of optic nerve, unspecified eye, initial encounter

Version 2020 Billable Code

Valid for Submission

S04.019A is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of injury of optic nerve, unspecified eye, initial encounter. The code is valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code S04.019A might also be used to specify conditions or terms like avulsion of cranial nerve, avulsion of optic nerve, complete division of cranial nerve, optic nerve and pathway injury, optic nerve and pathway injury, radiation damage to optic nerve, etc

ICD-10:S04.019A
Short Description:Injury of optic nerve, unspecified eye, initial encounter
Long Description:Injury of optic nerve, unspecified eye, initial encounter

Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Avulsion of cranial nerve
  • Avulsion of optic nerve
  • Complete division of cranial nerve
  • Optic nerve and pathway injury
  • Optic nerve and pathway injury
  • Radiation damage to optic nerve
  • Traumatic optic nerve injury
  • Traumatic optic nerve injury
  • Traumatic optic neuropathy

Diagnostic Related Groups

The ICD-10 code S04.019A is grouped in the following groups for version MS-DRG V37.0 What are Diagnostic Related Groups?
The Diagnostic Related Groups (DRGs) are a patient classification scheme which provides a means of relating the type of patients a hospital treats. The DRGs divides all possible principal diagnoses into mutually exclusive principal diagnosis areas referred to as Major Diagnostic Categories (MDC).
applicable from 10/01/2020 through 09/30/2020.

  • 124 - OTHER DISORDERS OF THE EYE WITH MCC
  • 125 - OTHER DISORDERS OF THE EYE WITHOUT MCC

Convert S04.019A to ICD-9

  • 950.0 - Optic nerve injury (Approximate Flag)

Code Classification

  • Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00–T98)
    • Injuries to the head (S00-S09)
      • Injury of cranial nerve (S04)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Optic Nerve Disorders

The optic nerve is a bundle of more than 1 million nerve fibers that carry visual messages. You have one connecting the back of each eye (your retina) to your brain. Damage to an optic nerve can cause vision loss. The type of vision loss and how severe it is depends on where the damage occurs. It may affect one or both eyes.

There are many different types of optic nerve disorders, including:

  • Glaucoma is a group of diseases that are the leading cause of blindness in the United States. Glaucoma usually happens when the fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises and damages the optic nerve.
  • Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve. Causes include infections and immune-related illnesses such as multiple sclerosis. Sometimes the cause is unknown.
  • Optic nerve atrophy is damage to the optic nerve. Causes include poor blood flow to the eye, disease, trauma, or exposure to toxic substances.
  • Optic nerve head drusen are pockets of protein and calcium salts that build up in the optic nerve over time

Contact your health care provider if you are having vision problems. Tests for optic nerve disorders may include eye exams, ophthalmoscopy (an examination of the back of your eye), and imaging tests. Treatment depends on which disorder that you have. With some optic nerve disorders, you may get your vision back. With others, there is no treatment, or treatment may only prevent further vision loss.


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