Information for Patients
Also called: Iron poor blood
If you have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body. The most common cause of anemia is not having enough iron. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein that gives the red color to blood. It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.
Anemia has three main causes: blood loss, lack of red blood cell production, and high rates of red blood cell destruction.
Conditions that may lead to anemia include
- Heavy periods
- Colon polyps or colon cancer
- Inherited disorders
- A diet that does not have enough iron, folic acid or vitamin B12
- Blood disorders such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia, or cancer
- Aplastic anemia, a condition that can be inherited or acquired
- G6PD deficiency, a metabolic disorder
Anemia can make you feel tired, cold, dizzy, and irritable. You may be short of breath or have a headache.
Your doctor will diagnose anemia with a physical exam and blood tests. Treatment depends on the kind of anemia you have.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anemia - B12 deficiency (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anemia caused by low iron -- infants and toddlers (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anemia of chronic disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Anemia of Inflammation and Chronic Disease - NIH
- Febrile/cold agglutinins (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ferritin blood test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hemolytic anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Iron deficiency anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Pernicious anemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Vitamin B12 level (Medical Encyclopedia)
Fetal Health and Development
A normal pregnancy lasts nine months. Each three-month period of pregnancy is called a trimester. During each trimester, the fetus grows and develops. Regular medical checkups and prenatal tests are very important. They can
- Help keep you and your baby healthy
- Spot problems with your baby (if there are any). In some cases, health care professionals can treat the problem before your baby is born. But even when they cannot, it can still be helpful to know about the problem early on. That gives you time to learn about your baby's condition and prepare for any challenges you may face after the baby is born.
- Prevent problems during delivery. For example, if your baby is breech (bottom first or feet first, instead of head first), you may need to have a Cesarean section to avoid complications.
Besides getting medical care, there are other things you can do to keep your baby as healthy as possible. It's important not to drink or smoke. Try to eat a healthy diet and make sure to take care of any health problems you have during pregnancy.
- Fetal development (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Intrauterine growth restriction (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Thrombocyte disorders
Platelets are little pieces of blood cells. Platelets help wounds heal and prevent bleeding by forming blood clots. Your bone marrow makes platelets. Problems can result from having too few or too many platelets, or from platelets that do not work properly.
If your blood has a low number of platelets, it is called thrombocytopenia. This can put you at risk for mild to serious bleeding. If your blood has too many platelets, you may have a higher risk of blood clots. With other platelet disorders, the platelets do not work as they should. For example, in von Willebrand Disease, the platelets cannot stick together or cannot attach to blood vessel walls. This can cause excessive bleeding.
Treatment of platelet disorders depends on the cause.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Bleeding time (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Congenital platelet function defects (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Glanzmann disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Platelet aggregation test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Primary thrombocythemia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Purpura (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Thrombocytopenia (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Thromobocytopenia - drug-induced (Medical Encyclopedia)
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.