M19.0 - Primary osteoarthritis of other joints

Version 2023
Short Description:Primary osteoarthritis of other joints
Long Description:Primary osteoarthritis of other joints
Status: Not Valid for Submission
Version:ICD-10-CM 2023
Code Classification:
  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (M00–M99)
    • Osteoarthritis (M15-M19)
      • Other and unspecified osteoarthritis (M19)

M19.0 is a non-specific and non-billable ICD-10 code code, consider using a code with a higher level of specificity for a diagnosis of primary osteoarthritis of other joints. The code is not specific and is NOT valid for the year 2023 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. Category or Header define the heading of a category of codes that may be further subdivided by the use of 4th, 5th, 6th or 7th characters.

Specific Coding for Primary osteoarthritis of other joints

Non-specific codes like M19.0 require more digits to indicate the appropriate level of specificity. Consider using any of the following ICD-10 codes with a higher level of specificity when coding for primary osteoarthritis of other joints:

  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - M19.01 for Primary osteoarthritis, shoulder
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.011 for Primary osteoarthritis, right shoulder
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.012 for Primary osteoarthritis, left shoulder
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.019 for Primary osteoarthritis, unspecified shoulder
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - M19.02 for Primary osteoarthritis, elbow
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.021 for Primary osteoarthritis, right elbow
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.022 for Primary osteoarthritis, left elbow
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.029 for Primary osteoarthritis, unspecified elbow
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - M19.03 for Primary osteoarthritis, wrist
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.031 for Primary osteoarthritis, right wrist
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.032 for Primary osteoarthritis, left wrist
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.039 for Primary osteoarthritis, unspecified wrist
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - M19.04 for Primary osteoarthritis, hand
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.041 for Primary osteoarthritis, right hand
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.042 for Primary osteoarthritis, left hand
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.049 for Primary osteoarthritis, unspecified hand
  • NON-BILLABLE CODE - M19.07 for Primary osteoarthritis ankle and foot
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.071 for Primary osteoarthritis, right ankle and foot
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.072 for Primary osteoarthritis, left ankle and foot
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.079 for Primary osteoarthritis, unspecified ankle and foot
  • BILLABLE CODE - Use M19.09 for Primary osteoarthritis, other specified site

Patient Education


What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis, sometimes called OA, is a type of arthritis that only affects the joints, usually in the hands, knees, hips, neck, and lower back. It's the most common type of arthritis.

In a healthy joint, the ends of the bones are covered with a smooth, slippery tissue called cartilage. The cartilage pads the bones and helps them glide easily when you move the joint. With osteoarthritis, the cartilage breaks down and becomes rough. Sometimes, all the cartilage wears away and the bones rub together. Bumps of extra bone called bone spurs may grow in the joint area.

There is no cure for osteoarthritis. It usually gets worse slowly. But there's a lot you can do to manage the symptoms.

What are the symptoms of osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis affects people in different ways, and not everyone has pain. The most common symptoms are:

What causes osteoarthritis?

Researchers aren't sure what causes osteoarthritis. They think that it could be caused by a combination of factors in the body and the environment. Your chance of developing osteoarthritis increases with age. They also know that some people are more likely to develop it than others.

Who is more likely to develop osteoarthritis?

Things that make you more likely to develop osteoarthritis include:

How is osteoarthritis diagnosed?

There is no specific test for osteoarthritis. To find out if you have osteoarthritis, your provider:

What are the treatments for osteoarthritis?

The goal of treating osteoarthritis is to ease your pain, help you move better, and stop it from getting worse.

Treatment usually begins with:

You can buy some pain relievers and arthritis creams without a prescription. They can be helpful, but it's best to talk to your provider about using them. If they don't help enough, your provider may prescribe injections (shots) into the joint or prescription pain relievers.

Complementary therapies may help some people. Massage can increase blood flow and bring warmth to the area. Some research shows that acupuncture may help relieve osteoarthritis pain. Simple things like heat and ice can help, too.

If none of these treatments help enough, surgery may be an option. You and your provider can decide if it's right for you.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

[Learn More in MedlinePlus]


Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that happens when the tissues in the joint break down over time.
[Learn More in MedlinePlus]

Code History