Information for Patients
Also called: Hypercoagulability
Normally, if you get hurt, your body forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding. After the bleeding stops and healing takes place, your body usually breaks down and removes the clot. But some people get too many clots or their blood clots abnormally. Many conditions can cause the blood to clot too much or prevent blood clots from dissolving properly.
Risk factors for excessive blood clotting include
- Certain genetic disorders
- Atrial fibrillation
- Overweight, obesity, and metabolic syndrome
- Some medicines
- Staying in one position for a long time, such as being in the hospital or taking a long car or plane ride
- Cancer and cancer treatments
- Arterial embolism (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Blood clots (Medical Encyclopedia)
- D-dimer test (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Prothrombin time (PT) (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Superficial thrombophlebitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Thrombophlebitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
Coronary Artery Disease
Also called: CAD, Coronary arteriosclerosis, Coronary atherosclerosis
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common type of heart disease. It is the leading cause of death in the United States in both men and women.
CAD happens when the arteries that supply blood to heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other material, called plaque, on their inner walls. This buildup is called atherosclerosis. As it grows, less blood can flow through the arteries. As a result, the heart muscle can't get the blood or oxygen it needs. This can lead to chest pain (angina) or a heart attack. Most heart attacks happen when a blood clot suddenly cuts off the hearts' blood supply, causing permanent heart damage.
Over time, CAD can also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure and arrhythmias. Heart failure means the heart can't pump blood well to the rest of the body. Arrhythmias are changes in the normal beating rhythm of the heart.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- Acute coronary syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Angioplasty and stent - heart - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Angioplasty and stent placement - heart (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Coronary angiography (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Coronary artery spasm (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Coronary heart disease (Medical Encyclopedia)