Valid for Submission
G91.9 is a billable diagnosis code used to specify a medical diagnosis of hydrocephalus, unspecified. The code G91.9 is valid during the fiscal year 2022 from October 01, 2021 through September 30, 2022 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.
The ICD-10-CM code G91.9 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like acquired hydrocephalus, acquired hydrocephalus of newborn, arrested hydrocephalus, external hydrocephalus, hydrocephalus , hydrocephalus with anomaly of aqueduct of sylvius, etc.
Unspecified diagnosis codes like G91.9 are acceptable when clinical information is unknown or not available about a particular condition. Although a more specific code is preferable, unspecified codes should be used when such codes most accurately reflect what is known about a patient's condition. Specific diagnosis codes should not be used if not supported by the patient's medical record.
Index to Diseases and Injuries
The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code G91.9 are found in the index:
The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:
- Acquired hydrocephalus
- Acquired hydrocephalus of newborn
- Arrested hydrocephalus
- External hydrocephalus
- Hydrocephalus with anomaly of aqueduct of Sylvius
- Internal hydrocephalus
- DANDY WALKER SYNDROME-. a congenital abnormality of the central nervous system marked by failure of the midline structures of the cerebellum to develop dilation of the fourth ventricle and upward displacement of the transverse sinuses tentorium and torcula. clinical features include occipital bossing progressive head enlargement bulging of anterior fontanelle papilledema ataxia gait disturbances nystagmus and intellectual compromise. from menkes textbook of child neurology 5th ed pp294 5
- HYDROCEPHALUS-. excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles intracranial hypertension; headache; lethargy; urinary incontinence; and ataxia.
- HYDROCEPHALUS NORMAL PRESSURE-. a form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder see gait disorders neurologic progressive intellectual decline and urinary incontinence. spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. this condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of csf including subarachnoid hemorrhage chronic meningitis and other conditions. from adams et al. principles of neurology 6th ed pp631 3
- WALKER WARBURG SYNDROME-. rare autosomal recessive lissencephaly type 2 associated with congenital muscular dystrophy and eye anomalies e.g. retinal detachment; cataract; microphthalmos. it is often associated with additional brain malformations such as hydrocephaly and cerebellar hypoplasia and is the most severe form of the group of related syndromes alpha dystroglycanopathies with common congenital abnormalities in the brain eye and muscle development.
Convert G91.9 to ICD-9 Code
The General Equivalency Mapping (GEM) crosswalk indicates an approximate mapping between the ICD-10 code G91.9 its ICD-9 equivalent. The approximate mapping means there is not an exact match between the ICD-10 code and the ICD-9 code and the mapped code is not a precise representation of the original code.
Information for Patients
Hydrocephalus is the buildup of too much cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. Normally, this fluid cushions your brain. When you have too much, though, it puts harmful pressure on your brain.
Hydrocephalus can be congenital, or present at birth. Causes include genetic problems and problems with how the fetus develops. An unusually large head is the main sign of congenital hydrocephalus.
Hydrocephalus can also happen after birth. This is called acquired hydrocephalus. It can occur at any age. Causes can include head injuries, strokes, infections, tumors, and bleeding in the brain. Symptoms include
- Vomiting and nausea
- Blurry vision
- Balance problems
- Bladder control problems
- Thinking and memory problems
Hydrocephalus can permanently damage the brain, causing problems with physical and mental development. If untreated, it is usually fatal. With treatment, many people lead normal lives with few limitations. Treatment usually involves surgery to insert a shunt. A shunt is a flexible but sturdy plastic tube. The shunt moves the cerebrospinal fluid to another area of the body where it can be absorbed. Medicine and rehabilitation therapy can also help.
NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
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