ICD-10-CM Code F53.0

Postpartum depression

Version 2020 Billable Code Maternity Diagnoses Diagnoses For Females Only

Valid for Submission

F53.0 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of postpartum depression. The code is valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code F53.0 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like decline in edinburgh postnatal depression scale score, decline in edinburgh postnatal depression scale score at 8 months, depressed mood, depressed mood with postpartum onset, major depressive disorder, single episode with postpartum onset, mild postnatal depression, etc

The code F53.0 is applicable to female patients aged 12 through 55 years inclusive. It is clinically and virtually impossible to use this code on a non-female patient outside the stated age range.

Short Description:Postpartum depression
Long Description:Postpartum depression

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code F53.0:

Inclusion Terms

Inclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • Postnatal depression, NOS
  • Postpartum depression, NOS

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code F53.0 are found in the index:

Code Edits

The Medicare Code Editor (MCE) detects and reports errors in the coding of claims data. The following ICD-10 Code Edits are applicable to this code:

  • Maternity diagnoses - Maternity. Age range is 12–55 years inclusive (e.g., diabetes in pregnancy, antepartum pulmonary complication).
  • Diagnoses for females only - Medicare Code Editor detects inconsistencies between a patient’s sex and any diagnosis on the patient’s record, this code applies to FEMALES only .


The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Decline in Edinburgh postnatal depression scale score
  • Decline in Edinburgh postnatal depression scale score at 8 months
  • Depressed mood
  • Depressed mood with postpartum onset
  • Major depressive disorder, single episode with postpartum onset
  • Mild postnatal depression
  • Perinatal depression
  • Perinatal depression
  • Postpartum depression
  • Postpartum depression
  • Postpartum major depression in remission
  • Severe postnatal depression

Clinical Information

  • DEPRESSION POSTPARTUM-. depression in postpartum women usually within four weeks after giving birth parturition. the degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. from dsm iv p386

Replacement Code

F530 replaces the following previously assigned ICD-10 code(s):

  • F53 - Mental and behavrl disorders assoc with the puerperium, NEC
  • F53 - Puerperal psychosis

Code Classification

  • Mental and behavioural disorders (F00–F99)
    • Behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors (F50-F59)
      • Mental and behavrl disorders assoc with the puerperium, NEC (F53)

Code History

  • FY 2019 - Code Added, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients

Postpartum Depression

Many women have the baby blues after childbirth. If you have the baby blues, you may have mood swings, feel sad, anxious or overwhelmed, have crying spells, lose your appetite, or have trouble sleeping. The baby blues most often go away within a few days or a week. The symptoms are not severe and do not need treatment.

The symptoms of postpartum depression last longer and are more severe. You may also feel hopeless and worthless, and lose interest in the baby. You may have thoughts of hurting yourself or the baby. Very rarely, new mothers develop something even more serious. They may have hallucinations or try to hurt themselves or the baby. They need to get treatment right away, often in the hospital.

Postpartum depression can begin anytime within the first year after childbirth. The cause is not known. Hormonal and physical changes after birth and the stress of caring for a new baby may play a role. Women who have had depression are at higher risk.

If you think you have postpartum depression, tell your health care provider. Medicines, including antidepressants and talk therapy can help you get well.

Dept. of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health

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