ICD-10-CM Code F03.90

Unspecified dementia without behavioral disturbance

Version 2020 Billable Code Adult Diagnoses

Valid for Submission

F03.90 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of unspecified dementia without behavioral disturbance. The code is valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code F03.90 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like age-associated memory impairment, complete trisomy 21 syndrome, dementia, dementia caused by heavy metal exposure, dementia caused by toxin, dementia due to and following injury of head, etc

The code F03.90 is applicable to adult patients aged 15 through 124 years inclusive. It is clinically and virtually impossible to use this code on a patient outside the stated age range.

ICD-10:F03.90
Short Description:Unspecified dementia without behavioral disturbance
Long Description:Unspecified dementia without behavioral disturbance

Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries

The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to the code F03.90:

Inclusion Terms

Inclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
  • Dementia NOS

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code F03.90 are found in the index:


Code Edits

The Medicare Code Editor (MCE) detects and reports errors in the coding of claims data. The following ICD-10 Code Edits are applicable to this code:

  • Adult diagnoses - Adult. Age range is 15–124 years inclusive (e.g., senile delirium, mature cataract).

Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Age-associated memory impairment
  • Complete trisomy 21 syndrome
  • Dementia
  • Dementia caused by heavy metal exposure
  • Dementia caused by toxin
  • Dementia due to and following injury of head
  • Dementia due to chromosomal anomaly
  • Dementia due to infectious disease
  • Dementia following injury caused by exposure to ionizing radiation
  • Dementia in remission
  • Dementia with Down syndrome
  • Dementia with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Disease due to JC polyomavirus
  • Hallucinations co-occurrent and due to late onset dementia
  • Language disorder of dementia
  • Mild dementia
  • Moderate dementia
  • Organic memory impairment
  • Organic psychotic condition
  • Presbyophrenic psychosis
  • Presenile dementia
  • Presenile dementia with delirium
  • Presenile dementia with delusions
  • Presenile dementia with depression
  • Presenile dementia with paranoia
  • Primary degenerative dementia
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Rapidly progressive dementia
  • Senile and presenile organic psychotic conditions
  • Senile dementia
  • Severe dementia
  • Subcortical dementia
  • Uncomplicated presenile dementia
  • Uncomplicated senile dementia
  • White matter disorder caused by infection

Convert F03.90 to ICD-9

  • 290.0 - Senile dementia uncomp (Approximate Flag)
  • 290.10 - Presenile dementia (Approximate Flag)
  • 290.11 - Presenile delirium (Approximate Flag)
  • 290.13 - Presenile depression (Approximate Flag)
  • 290.21 - Senile depressive (Approximate Flag)
  • 290.8 - Senile psychosis NEC (Approximate Flag)
  • 290.9 - Senile psychot cond NOS (Approximate Flag)
  • 294.20 - Demen NOS w/o behv dstrb

Code Classification

  • Mental and behavioural disorders (F00–F99)
    • Mental disorders due to known physiological conditions (F01-F09)
      • Unspecified dementia (F03)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Dementia

What is dementia?

Dementia is a loss of mental functions that is severe enough to affect your daily life and activities. These functions include

  • Memory
  • Language skills
  • Visual perception (your ability to make sense of what you see)
  • Problem solving
  • Trouble with everyday tasks
  • The ability to focus and pay attention

It is normal to become a bit more forgetful as you age. But dementia is not a normal part of aging. It is a serious disorder which interferes with your daily life.

What are the types of dementia?

The most common types of dementia are known as neurodegenerative disorders. These are diseases in which the cells of the brain stop working or die. They include

  • Alzheimer's disease, which is the most common form of dementia among older people. People with Alzheimer's have plaques and tangles in their brain. These are abnormal buildups of different proteins. Beta-amyloid protein clumps up and forms plaques in between your brain cells. Tau protein builds up and forms tangles inside the nerve cells of your brain. There is also a loss of connection between nerve cells in the brain.
  • Lewy body dementia, which causes movement symptoms along with dementia. Lewy bodies are abnormal deposits of a protein in the brain.
  • Frontotemporal disorders, which cause changes to certain parts of the brain:
    • Changes in the frontal lobe lead to behavioral symptoms
    • Changes in the temporal lobe lead to language and emotional disorders
  • Vascular dementia, which involves changes to the brain's blood supply. It is often caused by a stroke or atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) in the brain.
  • Mixed dementia, which is a combination of two or more types of dementia. For example, some people have both Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia.

Other conditions can cause dementia or dementia-like symptoms, including

  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a rare brain disorder
  • Huntington's disease, an inherited, progressive brain disease
  • Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), caused by repeated traumatic brain injury
  • HIV-associated dementia (HAD)

Who is at risk for dementia?

Certain factors can raise your risk for developing dementia, including

  • Aging. This is the biggest risk factor for dementia.
  • Smoking
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Having close family members who have dementia

What are the symptoms of dementia?

The symptoms of dementia can vary, depending on which parts of the brain are affected. Often, forgetfulness is the first symptom. Dementia also causes problems with the ability to think, problem solve, and reason. For example, people with dementia may

  • Get lost in a familiar neighborhood
  • Use unusual words to refer to familiar objects
  • Forget the name of a close family member or friend
  • Forget old memories
  • Need help doing tasks that they used to do by themselves

Some people with dementia cannot control their emotions and their personalities may change. They may become apathetic, meaning that they are no longer interested in normal daily activities or events. They may lose their inhibitions and stop caring about other peoples' feelings.

Certain types of dementia can also cause problems with balance and movement.

The stages of dementia range from mild to severe. In the mildest stage, it is just beginning to affect a person's functioning. In the most severe stage, the person is completely dependent on others for care.

How is dementia diagnosed?

To make a diagnosis, your health care provider

  • Will ask about your medical history
  • Will do a physical exam
  • Will check your thinking, memory, and language abilities
  • May do tests, such as blood tests, genetic tests, and brain scans
  • May do a mental health evaluation to see whether a mental disorder is contributing to your symptoms

What are the treatments for dementia?

There is no cure for most types of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease and Lewy body dementia. Treatments may help to maintain mental function longer, manage behavioral symptoms, and slow down the symptoms of disease. They may include

  • Medicines may temporarily improve memory and thinking or slow down their decline. They only work in some people. Other medicines can treat symptoms such as anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and muscle stiffness. Some of these medicines can cause strong side effects in people with dementia. It is important to talk to your health care provider about which medicines will be safe for you.
  • Occupational therapy to help find ways to more easily do everyday activities
  • Speech therapy to help with swallowing difficulties and trouble speaking loudly and clearly
  • Mental health counseling to help people with dementia and their families learn how to manage difficult emotions and behaviors. It can also help them plan for the future.
  • Music or art therapy to reduce anxiety and improve well-being

Can dementia be prevented?

Researchers have not found a proven way to prevent dementia. Living a healthy lifestyle might influence some of your risk factors for dementia.


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