Information for Patients
Also called: Hematoma, Hemorrhage
Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen outside or inside the body. You may bleed when you get a cut or other wound. Bleeding can also be due to an injury to internal organs.
Sometimes bleeding can cause other problems. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease.
Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.
- Bleeding (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Bleeding gums (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Bleeding into the skin (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Intraventricular hemorrhage of the newborn (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage (Medical Encyclopedia)
Your endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout your body. These glands make hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers. They travel through your bloodstream to tissues or organs. Hormones work slowly and affect body processes from head to toe. These include
- Growth and development
- Metabolism - digestion, elimination, breathing, blood circulation and maintaining body temperature
- Sexual function
If your hormone levels are too high or too low, you may have a hormone disorder. Hormone diseases also occur if your body does not respond to hormones the way it is supposed to. Stress, infection and changes in your blood's fluid and electrolyte balance can also influence hormone levels.
In the United States, the most common endocrine disease is diabetes. There are many others. They are usually treated by controlling how much hormone your body makes. Hormone supplements can help if the problem is too little of a hormone.
- Androgen insensitivity syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Endocrine glands (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Intersex (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) I (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) II (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)