Information for Patients
Also called: Hematoma, Hemorrhage
Bleeding is the loss of blood. It can happen outside or inside the body. You may bleed when you get a cut or other wound. Bleeding can also be due to an injury to internal organs.
Sometimes bleeding can cause other problems. A bruise is bleeding under the skin. Some strokes are caused by bleeding in the brain. Other bleeding, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, coughing up blood, or vaginal bleeding, can be a symptom of a disease.
Normally, when you bleed, your blood forms clots to stop the bleeding. Severe bleeding may require first aid or a trip to the emergency room. If you have a bleeding disorder, your blood does not form clots normally.
- Bleeding (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Bleeding gums (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Bleeding into the skin (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Intraventricular hemorrhage of the newborn (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Splenic diseases
Your spleen is an organ above your stomach and under your ribs on your left side. It is about as big as your fist. The spleen is part of your lymphatic system, which fights infection and keeps your body fluids in balance. It contains white blood cells that fight germs. Your spleen also helps control the amount of blood in your body, and destroys old and damaged cells.
Certain diseases might cause your spleen to swell. You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. If your spleen is too damaged, you might need surgery to remove it. You can live without a spleen. Other organs, such as your liver, will take over some of the spleen's work. Without a spleen, however, your body will lose some of its ability to fight infections.
- Hypersplenism (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Spleen removal (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Spleen removal - laparoscopic - adults - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Spleen removal - open - adults - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Splenomegaly (Medical Encyclopedia)