Table of Neoplasms
The code C68.1 is included in the table of neoplasms by anatomical site. For each site there are six possible code numbers according to whether the neoplasm in question is malignant, benign, in situ, of uncertain behavior, or of unspecified nature. The description of the neoplasm will often indicate which of the six columns is appropriate.
Where such descriptors are not present, the remainder of the Index should be consulted where guidance is given to the appropriate column for each morphological (histological) variety listed. However, the guidance in the Index can be overridden if one of the descriptors mentioned above is present.
The Tabular must be reviewed for the complete diagnosis code.
Information for Patients
Also called: Carcinoma, Malignancy, Neoplasms, Tumor
Cancer begins in your cells, which are the building blocks of your body. Normally, your body forms new cells as you need them, replacing old cells that die. Sometimes this process goes wrong. New cells grow even when you don't need them, and old cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass called a tumor. Tumors can be benign or malignant. Benign tumors aren't cancer while malignant ones are. Cells from malignant tumors can invade nearby tissues. They can also break away and spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for where they start. For example, lung cancer starts in the lung, and breast cancer starts in the breast. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis. Symptoms and treatment depend on the cancer type and how advanced it is. Most treatment plans may include surgery, radiation and/or chemotherapy. Some may involve hormone therapy, immunotherapy or other types of biologic therapy, or stem cell transplantation.
NIH: National Cancer Institute
- Cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cancer and lymph nodes (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cancer treatment -- early menopause (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cancer treatment: preventing infection (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cancer treatments (Medical Encyclopedia)
- How to research cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- How to tell your child that you have cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hyperthermia for treating cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Laser therapy for cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Photodynamic therapy for cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Targeted therapies for cancer (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Understanding your cancer prognosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Your cancer care team (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Your cancer diagnosis: Do you need a second opinion? (Medical Encyclopedia)
The urethra is the tube that allows urine to pass out of the body. In men, it's a long tube that runs through the penis. It also carries semen in men. In women, it's short and is just above the vagina. Urethral problems may happen due to aging, illness, or injury. They include
- Urethral cancer - a rare cancer that happens more often in men
- Urethral stricture - a narrowing of the opening of the urethra
- Urethritis - inflammation of the urethra, sometimes caused by infection
Urethral problems may cause pain or difficulty passing urine. You may also have bleeding or discharge from the urethra.
Doctors diagnose urethral problems using different tests. These include urine tests, x-rays and an examination of the urethra with a scope called a cystoscope. Treatment depends on the cause of the problem. It may include medicines and, in severe cases, surgery.
- Chlamydial infections - male (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Epispadias (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Meatal stenosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Self catheterization - female (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Self catheterization - male (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Traumatic injury of the bladder and urethra (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Urethral discharge culture (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Urethral stricture (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Urethritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Urinary Retention - NIH (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.