Information for Patients
Your cornea is the outermost layer of your eye. It is clear and shaped like a dome. The cornea helps to shield the rest of the eye from germs, dust, and other harmful matter. It also helps your eye to focus. If you wear contact lenses, they float on top of your corneas.
Problems with the cornea include
- Refractive errors
- Dystrophies - conditions in which parts of the cornea lose clarity due to a buildup of cloudy material
Treatments of corneal disorders include medicines, corneal transplantation, and corneal laser surgery.
NIH: National Eye Institute
- Cloudy cornea (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Corneal injury (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Corneal transplant (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Corneal ulcers and infections (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Fuchs dystrophy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Keratoconus (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: The clap
Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease. It is most common in young adults. The bacteria that cause gonorrhea can infect the genital tract, mouth, or anus. You can get gonorrhea during vaginal, oral, or anal sex with an infected partner. A pregnant woman can pass it to her baby during childbirth.
Gonorrhea does not always cause symptoms. In men, gonorrhea can cause pain when urinating and discharge from the penis. If untreated, it can cause problems with the prostate and testicles.
In women, the early symptoms of gonorrhea often are mild. Later, it can cause bleeding between periods, pain when urinating, and increased discharge from the vagina. If untreated, it can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, which causes problems with pregnancy and infertility.
Your health care provider will diagnose gonorrhea with lab tests. Treatment is with antibiotics. Treating gonorrhea is becoming more difficult because drug-resistant strains are increasing. Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading gonorrhea. The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have anal, vaginal, or oral sex.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Condom Fact Sheet in Brief (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Endocervical gram stain (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gonococcal arthritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gonorrhea (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Rectal culture (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Urethral discharge culture (Medical Encyclopedia)