A39.1 is a billable ICD-10 code used to specify a medical diagnosis of waterhouse-friderichsen syndrome. The code is valid during the fiscal year 2023 from October 01, 2022 through September 30, 2023 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.
The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:
- Adrenal hemorrhage
- Adrenocortical hemorrhage
- Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
- Adrenal Hemorrhage-. hemorrhage and necrosis of the adrenal gland tissue. bilateral and extensive hemorrhage may lead to acute adrenal insufficiency, shock, and death.
Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries
The Tabular List of Diseases and Injuries is a list of ICD-10 codes, organized "head to toe" into chapters and sections with coding notes and guidance for inclusions, exclusions, descriptions and more. The following references are applicable to this diagnosis code:
Inclusion TermsInclusion Terms
These terms are the conditions for which that code is to be used. The terms may be synonyms of the code title, or, in the case of "other specified" codes, the terms are a list of the various conditions assigned to that code. The inclusion terms are not necessarily exhaustive. Additional terms found only in the Alphabetic Index may also be assigned to a code.
- Meningococcal hemorrhagic adrenalitis
- Meningococcic adrenal syndrome
Index to Diseases and Injuries References
The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for this diagnosis code are found in the injuries and diseases index:
- - Infection, infected, infective (opportunistic) - B99.9
- - Sepsis (generalized) (unspecified organism) - A41.9
- - Syndrome - See Also: Disease;
Convert to ICD-9 Code
|Source ICD-10 Code||Target ICD-9 Code|
|A39.1||036.3 - Meningococc adrenal synd|
Adrenal Gland Disorders
What are adrenal glands?
Your adrenal glands are two small organs that sit on top of each kidney. The adrenal glands make different types of hormones you need to stay alive and healthy. Hormones are chemicals that travel in your bloodstream and control how different parts of your body work.
The adrenal glands make the hormones cortisol, aldosterone, adrenaline, and noradrenaline. They also make hormones that your body uses to make sex hormones (estrogen and testosterone). All of these hormones do many important jobs, including:
- Turning food into energy and managing blood sugar levels
- Balancing salt and water
- Keeping blood pressure normal
- Responding to illness and stress (your "fight or flight" response)
- Timing when and how fast a child develops sexually
- Supporting pregnancy
What are adrenal gland disorders?
When you have an adrenal gland disorder, your body makes too much or too little of one or more hormones. The symptoms depend on the type of problem you have and how much it affects the hormone levels in your body.
There are many types of adrenal gland disorders, including:
- Addison's Disease - a condition in which the adrenal glands don't make enough cortisol
- Cushing's Syndrome - a condition caused by too much cortisol in the body, often from taking steroid medicines for a long time
- Aldosterone-producing adenoma - a benign tumor (not cancer) that makes too much aldosterone and may cause serious high blood pressure
- Hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma - an inherited condition causing different types of tumors that make adrenaline and other hormones. Some tumors may become cancerous.
- Adrenal gland cancer - cancerous tumors, including adrenocortical carcinoma and neuroblastoma
- Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) - a group of inherited disorders in which the adrenal glands don't make enough cortisol. The most common type is 21-hydroxylase deficiency (also called CAH1). In the United States, newborn babies get a blood test to see if they have CAH. People born with CAH may not have symptoms until childhood or later in life.
What causes adrenal gland disorders?
The cause of adrenal gland disorders depends on the type of disorder you have. Causes can include:
- Medicines such as steroids
- A problem in another gland, such as the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland releases hormones that affect how the adrenal glands work.
- Changes in genes (mutations). These changes can cause the adrenal glands to make too much or too little of one or more hormones.
In many cases the cause of the problem isn't clear.
How are adrenal gland disorders diagnosed?
Health care providers use different tests to check for adrenal disorders depending on your symptoms and health history. For example, you may have tests of your blood, urine (pee), or saliva (spit). These tests check your hormone levels. Your provider may order x-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans to look for tumors.
What are the treatments for adrenal gland disorders?
Different types of adrenal gland disorders have different treatments. They include medicines and surgery. Radiation therapy is sometimes a treatment for tumors. There are treatments to cure certain adrenal gland disorders. For other disorders, treatments can manage your symptoms.
NIH: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
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Meningococci are a type of bacteria that cause serious infections. The most common infection is meningitis, which is an inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. Meningococci can also cause other problems, including a serious bloodstream infection called sepsis.
Meningococcal infections can spread from person to person. Risk factors include:
- Age - it is more common in infants, teens, and young adults
- Living in close quarters, such as in college dorms or military settings
- Certain medical conditions, such as not having a spleen
- Travel to areas where meningococcal disease is common
In its early stages, you may have flu-like symptoms and a stiff neck. But the disease can progress quickly and can be fatal. Early diagnosis and treatment are extremely important. Lab tests on your blood and cerebrospinal fluid can tell if you have it. Treatment is with antibiotics. Since the infection spreads from person to person, family members may also need to be treated.
A vaccine can prevent meningococcal infections.
[Learn More in MedlinePlus]
- FY 2023 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2022 through 9/30/2023
- FY 2022 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2021 through 9/30/2022
- FY 2021 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2020 through 9/30/2021
- FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020
- FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
- FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
- FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
- FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016 (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)