Information for Patients
Also called: Otitis media
Ear infections are the most common reason parents bring their child to a doctor. Three out of four children will have at least one ear infection by their third birthday. Adults can also get ear infections, but they are less common.
The infection usually affects the middle ear and is called otitis media. The tubes inside the ears become clogged with fluid and mucus. This can affect hearing, because sound cannot get through all that fluid.
If your child isn't old enough to say "My ear hurts," here are a few things to look for
- Tugging at ears
- Crying more than usual
- Fluid draining from the ear
- Trouble sleeping
- Balance difficulties
- Hearing problems
Your health care provider will diagnose an ear infection by looking inside the ear with an instrument called an otoscope.
Often, ear infections go away on their own. Your health care provider may recommend pain relievers. Severe infections and infections in young babies may require antibiotics.
Children who get infections often may need surgery to place small tubes inside their ears. The tubes relieve pressure in the ears so that the child can hear again.
NIH: National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
- Cholesteatoma (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear examination (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear infection - acute (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear infection - chronic (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Ear tube insertion (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Earache (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Otitis media with effusion (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Swimmer's ear (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Strep
Strep is short for Streptococcus, a type of bacteria. There are two types: group A and group B.
Group A strep causes
- Strep throat - a sore, red throat. Your tonsils may be swollen and have white spots on them.
- Scarlet fever - an illness that follows strep throat. It causes a red rash on the body.
- Impetigo - a skin infection
- Toxic shock syndrome
- Cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease)
Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test during pregnancy can tell if you have it. If you do, I.V. antibiotics during labor can save your baby's life. Adults can also get group B strep infections, especially if they are elderly or already have health problems. Strep B can cause urinary tract infections, blood infections, skin infections and pneumonia in adults.
Antibiotics are used to treat strep infections.
NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- Ecthyma (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Erysipelas (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Group B streptococcal septicemia of the newborn (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Group B streptococcus - pregnancy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Perianal streptococcal cellulitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Rheumatic fever (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Scarlet fever (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Strep throat (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Streptococcal screen (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Throat swab culture (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Toxic shock syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.
- Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
- No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
- Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.