ICD-10 Code A04.1

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infection

Version 2019 Billable Code
ICD-10: A04.1
Short Description:Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infection
Long Description:Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infection

Valid for Submission

ICD-10 A04.1 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of enterotoxigenic escherichia coli infection. The code is valid for the year 2019 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions.

Code Classification

  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
    • Intestinal infectious diseases (A00-A09)
      • Other bacterial intestinal infections (A04)

Information for Medical Professionals

Diagnostic Related Groups

The Diagnostic Related Groups (DRGs) are a patient classification scheme which provides a means of relating the type of patients a hospital treats. The DRGs divides all possible principal diagnoses into mutually exclusive principal diagnosis areas referred to as Major Diagnostic Categories (MDC). The diagnosis code A04.1 is grouped in the following groups for version MS-DRG V36.0 applicable from 10/01/2018 through 09/30/2019.

  • 371 - MAJOR GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS AND PERITONEAL INFECTIONS WITH MCC
  • 372 - MAJOR GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS AND PERITONEAL INFECTIONS WITH CC
  • 373 - MAJOR GASTROINTESTINAL DISORDERS AND PERITONEAL INFECTIONS WITHOUT CC/MCC

Convert A04.1 to ICD-9

The following crosswalk between ICD-10 to ICD-9 is based based on the General Equivalence Mappings (GEMS) information:

  • 008.02 - Int inf e coli entrtoxgn

Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms:

  • Colitoxemia
  • Enterotoxemia
  • Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli gastrointestinal tract infection
  • Infectious diarrheal disease
  • Traveler's diarrhea

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code A04.1 are found in the index:


Information for Patients


E. Coli Infections

Also called: Escherichia coli

E. coli is the name of a type of bacteria that lives in your intestines. Most types of E. coli are harmless. However, some types can make you sick and cause diarrhea. One type causes travelers' diarrhea. The worst type of E. coli causes bloody diarrhea, and can sometimes cause kidney failure and even death. These problems are most likely to occur in children and in adults with weak immune systems.

You can get E. coli infections by eating foods containing the bacteria. Symptoms of infection include

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Severe abdominal cramps
  • Watery or very bloody diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Fever

To help avoid food poisoning and prevent infection, handle food safely. Cook meat well, wash fruits and vegetables before eating or cooking them, and avoid unpasteurized milk and juices. You can also get the infection by swallowing water in a swimming pool contaminated with human waste.

Most cases of E. coli infection get better without treatment in 5 to 10 days.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

  • E. coli enteritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Hemolytic-uremic syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]

Gastroenteritis

Also called: Stomach flu

Have you ever had the "stomach flu?" What you probably had was gastroenteritis - not a type of flu at all. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the intestines caused by a virus, bacteria or parasites. Viral gastroenteritis is the second most common illness in the U.S. The cause is often a norovirus infection. It spreads through contaminated food or water, and contact with an infected person. The best prevention is frequent hand washing.

Symptoms of gastroenteritis include diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, fever and chills. Most people recover with no treatment.

The most common problem with gastroenteritis is dehydration. This happens if you do not drink enough fluids to replace what you lose through vomiting and diarrhea. Dehydration is most common in babies, young children, the elderly and people with weak immune systems.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

  • Bacterial gastroenteritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Bland diet (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • CMV - gastroenteritis/colitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Stool Gram stain (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Viral gastroenteritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • When you have nausea and vomiting (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • When you or your child has diarrhea (Medical Encyclopedia)

[Learn More]

ICD-10 Footnotes

General Equivalence Map Definitions
The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.

  • Approximate Flag - The approximate flag is on, indicating that the relationship between the code in the source system and the code in the target system is an approximate equivalent.
  • No Map Flag - The no map flag indicates that a code in the source system is not linked to any code in the target system.
  • Combination Flag - The combination flag indicates that more than one code in the target system is required to satisfy the full equivalent meaning of a code in the source system.