ICD-10-CM Code A02.1

Salmonella sepsis

Version 2020 Billable Code

Valid for Submission

A02.1 is a billable code used to specify a medical diagnosis of salmonella sepsis. The code is valid for the year 2020 for the submission of HIPAA-covered transactions. The ICD-10-CM code A02.1 might also be used to specify conditions or terms like bacteremia, bacteremia caused by gram-negative bacteria, bacteremia due to salmonella, infection caused by salmonella co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection, recurrent salmonella sepsis co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection, recurrent salmonella septicemia, etc

ICD-10:A02.1
Short Description:Salmonella sepsis
Long Description:Salmonella sepsis

Index to Diseases and Injuries

The Index to Diseases and Injuries is an alphabetical listing of medical terms, with each term mapped to one or more ICD-10 code(s). The following references for the code A02.1 are found in the index:


Synonyms

The following clinical terms are approximate synonyms or lay terms that might be used to identify the correct diagnosis code:

  • Bacteremia
  • Bacteremia caused by Gram-negative bacteria
  • Bacteremia due to Salmonella
  • Infection caused by Salmonella co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Recurrent salmonella sepsis co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Recurrent salmonella septicemia
  • Sepsis due to Salmonella
  • Severe sepsis with acute organ dysfunction due to Salmonella

Diagnostic Related Groups

The ICD-10 code A02.1 is grouped in the following groups for version MS-DRG V37.0 What are Diagnostic Related Groups?
The Diagnostic Related Groups (DRGs) are a patient classification scheme which provides a means of relating the type of patients a hospital treats. The DRGs divides all possible principal diagnoses into mutually exclusive principal diagnosis areas referred to as Major Diagnostic Categories (MDC).
applicable from 10/01/2020 through 09/30/2020.

  • 870 - SEPTICEMIA OR SEVERE SEPSIS WITH MV >96 HOURS
  • 871 - SEPTICEMIA OR SEVERE SEPSIS WITHOUT MV >96 HOURS WITH MCC
  • 872 - SEPTICEMIA OR SEVERE SEPSIS WITHOUT MV >96 HOURS WITHOUT MCC

Convert A02.1 to ICD-9

  • 003.1 - Salmonella septicemia (Combination Flag)
  • 995.91 - Sepsis (Combination Flag)

Code Classification

  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
    • Intestinal infectious diseases (A00-A09)
      • Other salmonella infections (A02)

Code History

  • FY 2016 - New Code, effective from 10/1/2015 through 9/30/2016
    (First year ICD-10-CM implemented into the HIPAA code set)
  • FY 2017 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2016 through 9/30/2017
  • FY 2018 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2017 through 9/30/2018
  • FY 2019 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2018 through 9/30/2019
  • FY 2020 - No Change, effective from 10/1/2019 through 9/30/2020

Information for Patients


Salmonella Infections

Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is a common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. You also can get infected after handling pets, especially reptiles like snakes, turtles, and lizards.

Symptoms include

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Headache
  • Possible nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite

Symptoms usually last 4-7 days. Your health care provider diagnoses the infection with a stool test. Most people get better without treatment. Infection can be more serious in older adults, infants, and people with chronic health problems. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious. The usual treatment is antibiotics.

Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, is not common in the United States. It frequently occurs in developing countries.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases


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Sepsis

Sepsis is a serious illness. It happens when your body has an overwhelming immune response to a bacterial infection. The chemicals released into the blood to fight the infection trigger widespread inflammation. This leads to blood clots and leaky blood vessels. They cause poor blood flow, which deprives your body's organs of nutrients and oxygen. In severe cases, one or more organs fail. In the worst cases, blood pressure drops and the heart weakens, leading to septic shock.

Anyone can get sepsis, but the risk is higher in

  • People with weakened immune systems
  • Infants and children
  • Adults 65 and older
  • People with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, AIDS, cancer, and kidney or liver disease
  • People suffering from a severe burn or physical trauma

Common symptoms of sepsis are fever, chills, rapid breathing and heart rate, rash, confusion, and disorientation. Doctors diagnose sepsis using a blood test to see if the number of white blood cells is abnormal. They also do lab tests that check for signs of infection.

People with sepsis are usually treated in hospital intensive care units. Doctors try to treat the infection, sustain the vital organs, and prevent a drop in blood pressure. Many patients receive oxygen and intravenous (IV) fluids. Other types of treatment, such as respirators or kidney dialysis, may be necessary. Sometimes, surgery is needed to clear up an infection.

NIH: National Institute of General Medical Sciences


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