Diagnosis Code X78.0
Information for Medical Professionals
References found for the code X78.0 in the External Cause of Injuries Index:
- glass (sharp) (broken)
- suicide (attempt)
- Suicide, suicidal(attempted) (by)
- cutting or piercing instrument
Information for Patients
Self-harm refers to a person's harming their own body on purpose. About 1 in 100 people hurts himself or herself in this way. More females hurt themselves than males. A person who self-harms usually does not mean to kill himself or herself. But they are at higher risk of attempting suicide if they do not get help.
Self-harm tends to begin in teen or early adult years. Some people may engage in self-harm a few times and then stop. Others engage in it more often and have trouble stopping.
Examples of self-harm include
- Cutting yourself (such as using a razor blade, knife, or other sharp object to cut the skin)
- Punching yourself or punching things (like a wall)
- Burning yourself with cigarettes, matches, or candles
- Pulling out your hair
- Poking objects through body openings
- Breaking your bones or bruising yourself
Many people cut themselves because it gives them a sense of relief. Some people use cutting as a means to cope with a problem. Some teens say that when they hurt themselves, they are trying to stop feeling lonely, angry, or hopeless.
It is possible to overcome the urge to hurt yourself. There are other ways to find relief and cope with your emotions. Counseling may help.
Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office on Women's Health
- Trichotillomania (Medical Encyclopedia)
Wounds and Injuries
Also called: Traumatic injuries
An injury is damage to your body. It is a general term that refers to harm caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons, and more. In the U.S., millions of people injure themselves every year. These injuries range from minor to life-threatening. Injuries can happen at work or play, indoors or outdoors, driving a car, or walking across the street.
Wounds are injuries that break the skin or other body tissues. They include cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. They often happen because of an accident, but surgery, sutures, and stitches also cause wounds. Minor wounds usually aren't serious, but it is important to clean them. Serious and infected wounds may require first aid followed by a visit to your doctor. You should also seek attention if the wound is deep, you cannot close it yourself, you cannot stop the bleeding or get the dirt out, or it does not heal.
Other common types of injuries include
- Animal bites
- Electrical injuries
- Sprains and strains
- Bleeding (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Crush injury (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Cuts and puncture wounds (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Electrical injury (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Gunshot wounds -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- How wounds heal (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Laceration - sutures or staples - at home (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Lacerations - liquid bandage (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Surgical wound care (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Surgical wound infection - treatment (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Wet to dry dressing changes (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Wound care centers (Medical Encyclopedia)