Diagnosis Code S33.4
Information for Patients
Cartilage is the tough but flexible tissue that covers the ends of your bones at a joint. It also gives shape and support to other parts of your body, such as your ears, nose and windpipe. Healthy cartilage helps you move by allowing your bones to glide over each other. It also protects bones by preventing them from rubbing against each other.
Injured, inflamed, or damaged cartilage can cause symptoms such as pain and limited movement. It can also lead to joint damage and deformity. Causes of cartilage problems include
- Tears and injuries, such as sports injuries
- Genetic factors
- Other disorders, such as some types of arthritis
Osteoarthritis results from breakdown of cartilage.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- Costochondritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Meniscus tears -- aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Pectus carinatum (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Pectus excavatum (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Perichondritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Broken bone
A fracture is a break, usually in a bone. If the broken bone punctures the skin, it is called an open or compound fracture. Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls, or sports injuries. Other causes are low bone density and osteoporosis, which cause weakening of the bones. Overuse can cause stress fractures, which are very small cracks in the bone.
Symptoms of a fracture are
- Intense pain
- Deformity - the limb looks out of place
- Swelling, bruising, or tenderness around the injury
- Numbness and tingling
- Problems moving a limb
You need to get medical care right away for any fracture. An x-ray can tell if your bone is broken. You may need to wear a cast or splint. Sometimes you need surgery to put in plates, pins or screws to keep the bone in place.
- Ankle fracture - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Broken bone (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Broken collarbone - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Closed reduction of a fractured bone (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Closed reduction of a fractured bone - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hand fracture - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Metatarsal fracture (acute) - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Metatarsal stress fractures - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Radial head fracture - aftercare (Medical Encyclopedia)