Diagnosis Code O10.21
Information for Patients
Chronic Kidney Disease
Also called: CKD
You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. Their main job is to filter wastes and excess water out of your blood to make urine. They also keep the body's chemical balance, help control blood pressure, and make hormones.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) means that your kidneys are damaged and can't filter blood as they should. This damage can cause wastes to build up in your body. It can also cause other problems that can harm your health. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD.
The kidney damage occurs slowly over many years. Many people don't have any symptoms until their kidney disease is very advanced. Blood and urine tests are the only way to know if you have kidney disease.
Treatment may include medicines to lower blood pressure, control blood glucose, and lower blood cholesterol. CKD can get worse over time. CKD may lead to kidney failure. The only treatment options for kidney failure are dialysis or a kidney transplantation.
You can take steps to keep your kidneys healthier longer:
- Choose foods with less salt (sodium)
- Keep your blood pressure below 130/80
- Keep your blood glucose in the target range, if you have diabetes
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
- ACE inhibitors
- Chronic kidney disease
- Chronic Kidney Disease and Medicines: What You Need to Know - NIH (National Kidney Disease Education Program)
- High Blood Pressure (American Kidney Fund)
- Phosphorus: Tips for People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) - NIH (National Kidney Disease Education Program)
- Potassium: Tips for People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) - NIH (National Kidney Disease Education Program)
- Protein: Tips for People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) - NIH (National Kidney Disease Education Program)
- Sodium: Tips for People with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) - NIH (National Kidney Disease Education Program)
High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy
If you are pregnant, high blood pressure can cause problems for you and your unborn baby. You may have had high blood pressure before you got pregnant. Or you may get it once you are pregnant - a condition called gestational hypertension. Either one can cause low birth weight or premature delivery of the baby.
Controlling your blood pressure during pregnancy and getting regular prenatal care are important for the health of you and your baby. Treatments for high blood pressure in pregnancy may include close monitoring of the baby, lifestyle changes, and certain medicines.
Some pregnant women with high blood pressure develop preeclampsia. It's a sudden increase in blood pressure after the 20th week of pregnancy. It can be life-threatening for both you and the unborn baby. There is no proven way to prevent it. Most women who have signs of preeclampsia are closely monitored to lessen or avoid complications. The only way to "cure" preeclampsia is to deliver the baby.
NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
- HELLP syndrome
- Preeclampsia - self-care