Diagnosis Code M19
Information for Medical Professionals
References found for the code M19 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:
- Type 1 Excludes Notes: Type 1 Excludes Notes
A type 1 Excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means “NOT CODED HERE!” An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
- polyarthritis (M15.-)
- Type 2 Excludes Notes: "And"
The word “and” should be interpreted to mean either “and” or “or” when it appears in a title.
- arthrosis of spine (M47.-)
- hallux rigidus (M20.2)
- osteoarthritis of spine (M47.-)
Information for Patients
Also called: Degenerative joint disease, OA, Osteoarthrosis
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in your joints. It can occur in any joint, but usually it affects your hands, knees, hips or spine.
Osteoarthritis breaks down the cartilage in your joints. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage absorbs the shock of movement. When you lose cartilage, your bones rub together. Over time, this rubbing can permanently damage the joint.
Risk factors for osteoarthritis include
- Being overweight
- Getting older
- Injuring a joint
No single test can diagnose osteoarthritis. Most doctors use several methods, including medical history, a physical exam, x-rays, or lab tests.
Treatments include exercise, medicines, and sometimes surgery.
NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
- What Is Osteoarthritis? - NIH - Easy-to-Read (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases)