ICD-10 Diagnosis Code H53.023

Refractive amblyopia, bilateral

Diagnosis Code H53.023

ICD-10: H53.023
Short Description: Refractive amblyopia, bilateral
Long Description: Refractive amblyopia, bilateral
This is the 2017 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code H53.023

Code Classification
  • Diseases of the eye and adnexa
    • Visual disturbances and blindness (H53-H54)
      • Visual disturbances (H53)

Information for Patients


Also called: Lazy eye

Amblyopia, or "lazy eye," is the most common cause of visual impairment in children. It happens when an eye fails to work properly with the brain. The eye may look normal, but the brain favors the other eye. In some cases, it can affect both eyes. Causes include

  • Strabismus - a disorder in which the two eyes don't line up in the same direction
  • Refractive error in an eye - when one eye cannot focus as well as the other, because of a problem with its shape. This includes nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.
  • Cataract - a clouding in the lens of the eye

It can be hard to diagnose amblyopia. It is often found during a routine vision exam.

Treatment for amblyopia forces the child to use the eye with weaker vision. There are two common ways to do this. One is to have the child wear a patch over the good eye for several hours each day, over a number of weeks to months. The other is with eye drops that temporarily blur vision. Each day, the child gets a drop of a drug called atropine in the stronger eye. It is also sometimes necessary to treat the underlying cause. This could include glasses or surgery.

NIH: National Eye Institute

  • Amblyopia
  • Facts about Amblyopia - NIH (National Eye Institute)
  • Standard ophthalmic exam

[Read More]

Refractive Errors

Also called: Farsightedness, Hyperopia, Myopia, Nearsightedness

The cornea and lens of your eye helps you focus. Refractive errors are vision problems that happen when the shape of the eye keeps you from focusing well. The cause could be the length of the eyeball (longer or shorter), changes in the shape of the cornea, or aging of the lens.

Four common refractive errors are

  • Myopia, or nearsightedness - clear vision close up but blurry in the distance
  • Hyperopia, or farsightedness - clear vision in the distance but blurry close up
  • Presbyopia - inability to focus close up as a result of aging
  • Astigmatism - focus problems caused by the cornea

The most common symptom is blurred vision. Other symptoms may include double vision, haziness, glare or halos around bright lights, squinting, headaches, or eye strain.

Glasses or contact lenses can usually correct refractive errors. Laser eye surgery may also be a possibility.

NIH: National Eye Institute

  • Astigmatism
  • Facts about Presbyopia - NIH (National Eye Institute)
  • Farsightedness
  • Nearsightedness
  • Presbyopia
  • Refraction test

[Read More]
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