Diagnosis Code G05
Information for Medical Professionals
References found for the code G05 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:
- Type 1 Excludes Notes: Type 1 Excludes Notes
A type 1 Excludes note is a pure excludes note. It means “NOT CODED HERE!” An Excludes1 note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as the code above the Excludes1 note. An Excludes1 is used when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition.
- adenoviral encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (A85.1)
- congenital toxoplasmosis encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (P37.1)
- cytomegaloviral encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B25.8)
- encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (in) measles (B05.0)
- encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (in) systemic lupus erythematosus (M32.19)
- enteroviral encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (A85.0)
- eosinophilic meningoencephalitis (B83.2)
- herpesviral [herpes simplex] encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B00.4)
- listerial encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (A32.12)
- meningococcal encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (A39.81)
- mumps encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B26.2)
- postchickenpox encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B01.1-)
- rubella encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B06.01)
- toxoplasmosis encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B58.2)
- zoster encephalitis, myelitis and encephalomyelitis (B02.0)
- Code First: "Code first"
Certain conditions have both an underlying etiology and multiple body system manifestations due to the underlying etiology. For such conditions, the ICD-10-CM has a coding convention that requires the underlying condition be sequenced first followed by the manifestation. Wherever such a combination exists, there is a “use additional code” note at the etiology code, and a “code first” note at the manifestation code. These instructional notes indicate the proper sequencing order of the codes, etiology followed by manifestation.
- underlying disease, such as:
- human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] disease (B20)
- poliovirus (A80.-)
- suppurative otitis media (H66.01-H66.4)
- trichinellosis (B75)
Information for Patients
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Usually the cause is a viral infection, but bacteria can also cause it. It can be mild or severe. Most cases are mild. You may have flu-like symptoms. With a mild case, you may just need rest, plenty of fluids, and a pain reliever.
Severe cases need immediate treatment. Symptoms of severe cases include
- Severe headache
- Sudden fever
In babies, additional symptoms may include constant crying, poor feeding, body stiffness, and bulging in the soft spots of the skull.
Severe cases may require a stay in the hospital. Treatments include oral and intravenous (IV) medicines to reduce inflammation and treat infection. Patients with breathing difficulties may need artificial respiration. Some people may need physical, speech, and occupational therapy once the illness is under control.
NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
- Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection
- CSF analysis
- Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
Spinal Cord Diseases
Your spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of your back. It carries signals back and forth between your body and your brain. It is protected by your vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up your spine. If you have an accident that damages the vertebrae or other parts of the spine, this can also injure the spinal cord. Other spinal cord problems include
- Infections such as meningitis and polio
- Inflammatory diseases
- Autoimmune diseases
- Degenerative diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal muscular atrophy
Symptoms vary but might include pain, numbness, loss of sensation and muscle weakness. These symptoms can occur around the spinal cord, and also in other areas such as your arms and legs. Treatments often include medicines and surgery.
- Epidural abscess
- Spinal cord abscess
- Spinal tumor
- Subacute combined degeneration
- Syphilitic myelopathy