Diagnosis Code F10.25
Information for Patients
Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse
Also called: Alcohol dependence
For most adults, moderate alcohol use is probably not harmful. However, about 18 million adult Americans have an alcohol use disorder. This means that their drinking causes distress and harm. It includes alcoholism and alcohol abuse.
Alcoholism, or alcohol dependence, is a disease that causes
- Craving - a strong need to drink
- Loss of control - not being able to stop drinking once you've started
- Physical dependence - withdrawal symptoms
- Tolerance - the need to drink more alcohol to feel the same effect
With alcohol abuse, you are not physically dependent, but you still have a serious problem. The drinking may cause problems at home, work, or school. It may cause you to put yourself in dangerous situations, or lead to legal or social problems.
Another common problem is binge drinking. It is drinking about five or more drinks in two hours for men. For women, it is about four or more drinks in two hours.
Too much alcohol is dangerous. Heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. It can cause damage to the liver, brain, and other organs. Drinking during pregnancy can harm your baby. Alcohol also increases the risk of death from car crashes, injuries, homicide, and suicide.
If you want to stop drinking, there is help. Start by talking to your health care provider. Treatment may include medicines, counseling, and support groups.
NIH: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
- Alcohol use disorder (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Alcohol withdrawal (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Alcoholic ketoacidosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Alcoholic liver disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Alcoholic neuropathy (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Deciding to quit drinking alcohol (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Health risks of alcohol use (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Helping a loved one with a drinking problem (Medical Encyclopedia)
- When you are drinking too much - tips for cutting back (Medical Encyclopedia)
Also called: Psychoses
Psychotic disorders are severe mental disorders that cause abnormal thinking and perceptions. People with psychoses lose touch with reality. Two of the main symptoms are delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are false beliefs, such as thinking that someone is plotting against you or that the TV is sending you secret messages. Hallucinations are false perceptions, such as hearing, seeing, or feeling something that is not there.
Schizophrenia is one type of psychotic disorder. People with bipolar disorder may also have psychotic symptoms. Other problems that can cause psychosis include alcohol and some drugs, brain tumors, brain infections, and stroke.
Treatment depends on the cause of the psychosis. It might involve drugs to control symptoms and talk therapy. Hospitalization is an option for serious cases where a person might be dangerous to himself or others.
- Brief psychotic disorder (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Hallucinations (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Major depression with psychotic features (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Mental status testing (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Psychosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
- Schizoaffective disorder (Medical Encyclopedia)