ICD-10 Diagnosis Code E72.04

Cystinosis

Diagnosis Code E72.04

ICD-10: E72.04
Short Description: Cystinosis
Long Description: Cystinosis
This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code E72.04

Valid for Submission
The code E72.04 is valid for submission for HIPAA-covered transactions.

Code Classification
  • Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00–E90)
    • Metabolic disorders (E70-E88)
      • Other disorders of amino-acid metabolism (E72)

Information for Medical Professionals

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Synonyms
  • Benign adult cystinosis
  • Congenital Fanconi syndrome
  • Cystinosis
  • Hypothyroidism due to cystinosis
  • Hypothyroidism due to infiltrative disease
  • Infantile nephropathic cystinosis
  • Juvenile nephropathic cystinosis

Index of Diseases and Injuries
References found for the code E72.04 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:


Information for Patients


Kidney Diseases

Also called: Renal disease

You have two kidneys, each about the size of your fist. They are near the middle of your back, just below the rib cage. Inside each kidney there are about a million tiny structures called nephrons. They filter your blood. They remove wastes and extra water, which become urine. The urine flows through tubes called ureters. It goes to your bladder, which stores the urine until you go to the bathroom.

Most kidney diseases attack the nephrons. This damage may leave kidneys unable to remove wastes. Causes can include genetic problems, injuries, or medicines. You have a higher risk of kidney disease if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a close family member with kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease damages the nephrons slowly over several years. Other kidney problems include

  • Cancer
  • Cysts
  • Stones
  • Infections

Your doctor can do blood and urine tests to check if you have kidney disease. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant.

NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

  • ACE inhibitors (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Acute nephritic syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Analgesic nephropathy (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Atheroembolic renal disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Bartter syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Bilateral hydronephrosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Congenital nephrotic syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Distal renal tubular acidosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Glomerulonephritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Goodpasture syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • IgA nephropathy (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Injury - kidney and ureter (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Interstitial nephritis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Kidney removal (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Kidney removal - discharge (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Medicines and Kidney Disease - NIH (National Kidney Disease Education Program)
  • Membranoproliferative GN I (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Membranous nephropathy (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Minimal change disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Nephrocalcinosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Nephrotic syndrome (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Obstructive uropathy (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Perirenal abscess (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Proximal renal tubular acidosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Reflux nephropathy (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Renal papillary necrosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Renal perfusion scintiscan (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Renal vein thrombosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Unilateral hydronephrosis (Medical Encyclopedia)


[Read More]

Cystinosis Cystinosis is a condition characterized by accumulation of the amino acid cystine (a building block of proteins) within cells. Excess cystine damages cells and often forms crystals that can build up and cause problems in many organs and tissues. The kidneys and eyes are especially vulnerable to damage; the muscles, thyroid, pancreas, and testes may also be affected.There are three distinct types of cystinosis. In order of decreasing severity, they are nephropathic cystinosis, intermediate cystinosis, and non-nephropathic or ocular cystinosis.Nephropathic cystinosis begins in infancy, causing poor growth and a particular type of kidney damage (renal Fanconi syndrome) in which certain molecules that should be reabsorbed into the bloodstream are instead eliminated in the urine. The kidney problems lead to the loss of important minerals, salts, fluids, and many other nutrients. The loss of nutrients impairs growth and may result in soft, bowed bones (hypophosphatemic rickets), especially in the legs. The nutrient imbalances in the body lead to increased urination, thirst, dehydration, and abnormally acidic blood (acidosis). By about the age of 2, cystine crystals may be present in the clear covering of the eye (cornea). The buildup of these crystals in the eye causes pain and an increased sensitivity to light (photophobia). Untreated children will experience complete kidney failure by about the age of 10. Other signs and symptoms that may occur in untreated people, especially after adolescence, include muscle deterioration, blindness, inability to swallow, diabetes, thyroid and nervous system problems, and an inability to father children (infertility) in affected men.The signs and symptoms of intermediate cystinosis are the same as nephropathic cystinosis, but they occur at a later age. Intermediate cystinosis typically becomes apparent in affected individuals in adolescence. Malfunctioning kidneys and corneal crystals are the main initial features of this disorder. If intermediate cystinosis is left untreated, complete kidney failure will occur, but usually not until the late teens to mid-twenties.People with non-nephropathic or ocular cystinosis typically experience photophobia due to cystine crystals in the cornea, but usually do not develop kidney malfunction or most of the other signs and symptoms of cystinosis. Due to the absence of severe symptoms, the age at which this form of cystinosis is diagnosed varies widely.
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