ICD-10 Diagnosis Code A81.2

Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy

Diagnosis Code A81.2

ICD-10: A81.2
Short Description: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
Long Description: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
This is the 2017 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code A81.2

Valid for Submission
The code A81.2 is valid for submission for HIPAA-covered transactions.

Code Classification
  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
    • Viral and prion infections of the central nervous system (A80-A89)
      • Atypical virus infections of central nervous system (A81)

Information for Medical Professionals

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Synonyms
  • Central nervous system demyelinating disease associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Cerebral degeneration due to progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Demyelinating disease of central nervous system co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Disease caused by JC polyomavirus
  • Disease caused by JC polyomavirus
  • Disease caused by Polyomaviridae
  • Disease caused by Polyomaviridae
  • Disease caused by Polyomavirus
  • Disease caused by Polyomavirus
  • Disorder of central nervous system co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection
  • Encephalopathy associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Leukoencephalopathy with brainstem and spinal cord involvement and lactate elevation
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy co-occurrent with human immunodeficiency virus infection

Index of Diseases and Injuries
References found for the code A81.2 in the Index of Diseases and Injuries:


Information for Patients


Degenerative Nerve Diseases

Also called: Neurodegenerative diseases

Degenerative nerve diseases affect many of your body's activities, such as balance, movement, talking, breathing, and heart function. Many of these diseases are genetic. Sometimes the cause is a medical condition such as alcoholism, a tumor, or a stroke. Other causes may include toxins, chemicals, and viruses. Sometimes the cause is not known.

Degenerative nerve diseases include

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Friedreich's ataxia
  • Huntington's disease
  • Lewy body disease
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Spinal muscular atrophy

Degenerative nerve diseases can be serious or life-threatening. It depends on the type. Most of them have no cure. Treatments may help improve symptoms, relieve pain, and increase mobility.

  • Multiple system atrophy (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (Medical Encyclopedia)


[Read More]

Encephalitis

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Usually the cause is a viral infection, but bacteria can also cause it. It can be mild or severe. Most cases are mild. You may have flu-like symptoms. With a mild case, you may just need rest, plenty of fluids, and a pain reliever.

Severe cases need immediate treatment. Symptoms of severe cases include

  • Severe headache
  • Sudden fever
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

In babies, additional symptoms may include constant crying, poor feeding, body stiffness, and bulging in the soft spots of the skull.

Severe cases may require a stay in the hospital. Treatments include oral and intravenous (IV) medicines to reduce inflammation and treat infection. Patients with breathing difficulties may need artificial respiration. Some people may need physical, speech, and occupational therapy once the illness is under control.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

  • Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • CSF analysis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Encephalitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (Medical Encyclopedia)


[Read More]

Viral Infections

Viruses are very tiny germs. They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox, and Ebola.

Viruses are like hijackers. They invade living, normal cells and use those cells to multiply and produce other viruses like themselves. This can kill, damage, or change the cells and make you sick. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood.

When you get a virus, you may not always get sick from it. Your immune system may be able to fight it off.

For most viral infections, treatments can only help with symptoms while you wait for your immune system to fight off the virus. Antibiotics do not work for viral infections. There are antiviral medicines to treat some viral infections. Vaccines can help prevent you from getting many viral diseases.

  • ECHO virus (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Enterovirus D68 (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Hand-foot-mouth disease (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Herpangina (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Molluscum contagiosum (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Parainfluenza (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Roseola (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Zika virus disease (Medical Encyclopedia)


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