Diagnosis Code A18.1
Information for Patients
Also called: TB
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body.
TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system.
Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include
- A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Coughing up blood or mucus
- Weakness or fatigue
- Night sweats
Skin tests, blood tests, x-rays, and other tests can tell if you have TB. If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time.
NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
- Acid-fast stain
- Coughing up blood
- Disseminated tuberculosis
- Meningitis - tuberculous
- Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- PPD skin test
- Pulmonary tuberculosis
- Taking medicines to treat tuberculosis
- Tuberculosis Facts - Exposure to TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis Facts - TB Can Be Treated (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis Facts - Testing for TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis Facts - You Can Prevent TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Tuberculosis: General Information (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Urinary Tract Infections
Also called: UTI
The urinary system is the body's drainage system for removing wastes and extra water. It includes two kidneys, two ureters, a bladder, and a urethra. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are the second most common type of infection in the body.
You may have a UTI if you notice
- Pain or burning when you urinate
- Fever, tiredness, or shakiness
- An urge to urinate often
- Pressure in your lower belly
- Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy or reddish
- Pain in your back or side below the ribs
People of any age or sex can get UTIs. But about four times as many women get UTIs as men. You're also at higher risk if you have diabetes, need a tube to drain your bladder, or have a spinal cord injury.
If you think you have a UTI it is important to see your doctor. Your doctor can tell if you have a UTI with a urine test. Treatment is with antibiotics.
NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
- Asymptomatic bacteriuria
- Catheter-associated UTI
- Cystitis - acute
- Leukocyte esterase urine test
- Urinary tract infection - adults
- Urinary tract infection - children
- Urine - bloody
- Urine culture