ICD-10 Diagnosis Code A17.82

Tuberculous meningoencephalitis

Diagnosis Code A17.82

ICD-10: A17.82
Short Description: Tuberculous meningoencephalitis
Long Description: Tuberculous meningoencephalitis
This is the 2018 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code A17.82

Valid for Submission
The code A17.82 is valid for submission for HIPAA-covered transactions.

Code Classification
  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
    • Tuberculosis (A15-A19)
      • Tuberculosis of nervous system (A17)

Information for Patients


Encephalitis

Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Usually the cause is a viral infection, but bacteria can also cause it. It can be mild or severe. Most cases are mild. You may have flu-like symptoms. With a mild case, you may just need rest, plenty of fluids, and a pain reliever.

Severe cases need immediate treatment. Symptoms of severe cases include

  • Severe headache
  • Sudden fever
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Seizures

In babies, additional symptoms may include constant crying, poor feeding, body stiffness, and bulging in the soft spots of the skull.

Severe cases may require a stay in the hospital. Treatments include oral and intravenous (IV) medicines to reduce inflammation and treat infection. Patients with breathing difficulties may need artificial respiration. Some people may need physical, speech, and occupational therapy once the illness is under control.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

  • Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • CSF analysis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Encephalitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (Medical Encyclopedia)


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Meningitis

Also called: Spinal meningitis

Meningitis is inflammation of the thin tissue that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, called the meninges. There are several types of meningitis. The most common is viral meningitis. You get it when a virus enters the body through the nose or mouth and travels to the brain. Bacterial meningitis is rare, but can be deadly. It usually starts with bacteria that cause a cold-like infection. It can cause stroke, hearing loss, and brain damage. It can also harm other organs. Pneumococcal infections and meningococcal infections are the most common causes of bacterial meningitis.

Anyone can get meningitis, but it is more common in people with weak immune systems. Meningitis can get serious very quickly. You should get medical care right away if you have

  • A sudden high fever
  • A severe headache
  • A stiff neck
  • Nausea or vomiting

Early treatment can help prevent serious problems, including death. Tests to diagnose meningitis include blood tests, imaging tests, and a spinal tap to test cerebrospinal fluid. Antibiotics can treat bacterial meningitis. Antiviral medicines may help some types of viral meningitis. Other medicines can help treat symptoms.

There are vaccines to prevent some of the bacterial infections that cause meningitis.

NIH: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

  • Cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) collection (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid culture (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Meningitis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Meningitis - cryptococcal (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Meningitis - gram-negative (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Meningitis - H. influenzae (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Meningococcal ACWY Vaccines - MenACWY and MPSV4: What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13): What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine: What You Need to Know (Immunization Action Coalition)
  • Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine: What You Need to Know (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)


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Tuberculosis

Also called: TB

Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body.

TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks. If you have been exposed, you should go to your doctor for tests. You are more likely to get TB if you have a weak immune system.

Symptoms of TB in the lungs may include

  • A bad cough that lasts 3 weeks or longer
  • Weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Coughing up blood or mucus
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Fever
  • Night sweats

Skin tests, blood tests, x-rays, and other tests can tell if you have TB. If not treated properly, TB can be deadly. You can usually cure active TB by taking several medicines for a long period of time.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

  • Acid-fast stain (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Coughing up blood (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Disseminated tuberculosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Meningitis - tuberculous (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR TB) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • PPD skin test (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Pulmonary tuberculosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Taking medicines to treat tuberculosis (Medical Encyclopedia)
  • Tuberculosis Facts - Exposure to TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Tuberculosis Facts - TB Can Be Treated (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Tuberculosis Facts - Testing for TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Tuberculosis Facts - You Can Prevent TB (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
  • Tuberculosis: General Information (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)


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