ICD-10 Diagnosis Code A02.1

Salmonella sepsis

Diagnosis Code A02.1

ICD-10: A02.1
Short Description: Salmonella sepsis
Long Description: Salmonella sepsis
This is the 2017 version of the ICD-10-CM diagnosis code A02.1

Valid for Submission
The code A02.1 is valid for submission for HIPAA-covered transactions.

Code Classification
  • Certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00–B99)
    • Intestinal infectious diseases (A00-A09)
      • Other salmonella infections (A02)

Information for Medical Professionals

Diagnostic Related Groups
The diagnosis code A02.1 is grouped in the following Diagnostic Related Group(s) (MS-DRG V34.0)

  • 870 - SEPTICEMIA OR SEVERE SEPSIS WITH MV >96 HOURS
  • 871 - SEPTICEMIA OR SEVERE SEPSIS WITHOUT MV >96 HOURS WITH MCC
  • 872 - SEPTICEMIA OR SEVERE SEPSIS WITHOUT MV >96 HOURS WITHOUT MCC
  • 974 - HIV WITH MAJOR RELATED CONDITION WITH MCC
  • 975 - HIV WITH MAJOR RELATED CONDITION WITH CC
  • 976 - HIV WITH MAJOR RELATED CONDITION WITHOUT CC/MCC

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The ICD-10 and ICD-9 GEMs are used to facilitate linking between the diagnosis codes in ICD-9-CM and the new ICD-10-CM code set. The GEMs are the raw material from which providers, health information vendors and payers can derive specific applied mappings to meet their needs.

Synonyms
  • Bacteremia
  • Bacteremia caused by Gram-negative bacteria
  • Bacteremia caused by Salmonella
  • Coliform septicemia
  • Recurrent bacterial infection
  • Recurrent salmonella septicemia
  • Sepsis caused by Salmonella
  • Severe sepsis with acute organ dysfunction caused by Salmonella

Information for Patients


Salmonella Infections

Salmonella is the name of a group of bacteria. In the United States, it is a common cause of foodborne illness. Salmonella occurs in raw poultry, eggs, beef, and sometimes on unwashed fruit and vegetables. You also can get infected after handling pets, especially reptiles like snakes, turtles, and lizards.

Symptoms include

  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Headache
  • Possible nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite

Symptoms usually last 4-7 days. Your health care provider diagnoses the infection with a stool test. Most people get better without treatment. Infection can be more serious in the elderly, infants, and people with chronic health problems. If Salmonella gets into the bloodstream, it can be serious. The usual treatment is antibiotics.

Typhoid fever, a more serious disease caused by Salmonella, is not common in the United States. It frequently occurs in developing countries.

NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

  • Salmonella enterocolitis
  • Typhoid fever
  • Typhoid Vaccine (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)


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Sepsis

Sepsis is a serious illness. It happens when your body has an overwhelming immune response to a bacterial infection. The chemicals released into the blood to fight the infection trigger widespread inflammation. This leads to blood clots and leaky blood vessels. They cause poor blood flow, which deprives your body's organs of nutrients and oxygen. In severe cases, one or more organs fail. In the worst cases, blood pressure drops and the heart weakens, leading to septic shock.

Anyone can get sepsis, but the risk is higher in

  • People with weakened immune systems
  • Infants and children
  • The elderly
  • People with chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, AIDS, cancer, and kidney or liver disease
  • People suffering from a severe burn or physical trauma

Common symptoms of sepsis are fever, chills, rapid breathing and heart rate, rash, confusion, and disorientation. Doctors diagnose sepsis using a blood test to see if the number of white blood cells is abnormal. They also do lab tests that check for signs of infection.

People with sepsis are usually treated in hospital intensive care units. Doctors try to treat the infection, sustain the vital organs, and prevent a drop in blood pressure. Many patients receive oxygen and intravenous (IV) fluids. Other types of treatment, such as respirators or kidney dialysis, may be necessary. Sometimes, surgery is needed to clear up an infection.

NIH: National Institute of General Medical Sciences

  • Blood culture
  • Group B streptococcal septicemia of the newborn
  • Neonatal sepsis
  • Sepsis
  • Septic shock
  • Septicemia
  • Toxic shock syndrome


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